You must be a CTBUH Member to view this resource. Liverpool St 6 min. It was the religious institutions that cried in the sky for this atypical form that interrupted the visit of the Anglican Cathedral of Saint Paul, designed by Sir Christopher Wren 300 years ago. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. The oval shape achieves an average surface of 1,400 square meters per floor, which rises to 1,800 at level 16 and drops to 600 at 34. Formerly known as the Swiss Re Building, the skyscraper was officially opened in May of 2004, on the previous site of the Baltic Exchange. With a height of 180 meters, this spectacular tower of the 21st century has a circular plant whose diameter grows in its development towards the top, and then decreases again when approaching the top part of the point. The 40th floor of the building hosts a bar with 360° views of the city. The futuristic tower, which seems almost ready to take off from the ground and launch like a missile in the Sky, has an incredibly aerodynamic shape, in spite of its monolithism; the design well-deservedly, in 2004, received the prestigious RIBA Stirling Prize with a first-time unanimous vote. We recommend booking 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin) tours ahead of time to secure your spot. Europe, Tallest Office Building in The integration of the Swiss Tower in the context of the city, however, had to be subject to the regulations of the London authorities, who expressively requested that the identity and styles of other buildings be respected. This was also possible thanks to the digital tools deployed in the design. I prefer the looks and cladding of Burj Qatar, but the spire ruins it. Reinforced Concrete Composite | London. 30 St Mary Axe is located off Bishopsgate which is a designated cycle route on the London Cycle Network. Fields with a red asterisk (*) next to them are 30 St Mary Axe je budova stojící v Londýnské City.Neformálně je známá jako Gherkin (okurka) nebo také Swiss Re Tower, Swiss Re Building nebo Swiss Re Centre, což je označení vztahující se k bývalému vlastníku budovy.Dosahuje výšky 180 m.Stavba je slavná svým tvarem, jehož autory jsou sir Norman Foster a Ken Shuttleworth. The building was built on the former location of the Baltic Exchange, destroyed by an IRA bomb in 1992, as a result the location has a historical, cultural, and emotional significance that required a special consideration by each of the parties involved. in Hong Kong). Useful Links. 30 St Mary Axe was designed not only from the inside out but also from the outside in. The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization. Thanks to this form, it has been possible to increase the available area for the entry of natural light, and therefore, improve the circulation of air, thus taking advantage of natural ventilation in the interior spaces. Londra è piena di grattacieli e palazzi, uno dei più famosi è il 30 St Mary Axe chiamato dai locali The Gherkin, Il palazzo cetriolo di Londra. Unlike many commercial designs, 30 St. Mary Axe does not rely on central columns for internal support. The Baltic Exchange is a company that managed sea leases and boat sales. A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site. London, Tallest Steel Building in Because, the first thing that raised the first architectural icon/ 21st century of the British Capital — which already displaced Big Ben in the European news, was controversial. The reaction to the project did not come from royalty, nor did it come from the political field or from the English urban authorities. “The heart of the City is the only place where it makes sense for the building to go up, given the density and lack of green”, argued Foster. Il 30 St Mary Axe è un edificio di Londra, situato nella City.Informalmente è conosciuto come «The Gherkin» (il cetriolo) oppure, facendo riferimento al proprietario (il gruppo assicurativo Swiss Re) come Swiss Re Building.Alto 180 m, è famoso per la sua audace architettura, opera di Norman Foster e del suo ex socio, Ken Shuttleworth Likewise, the form offers advantages in the interior as the possibility of orthogonal arrangement in the area of desks and, in the center, a rectangular area of bathrooms and stairs. Calmed that restlessness, were the 180 meters of height stuck in a very narrow terrain that ignited the debate. Attrazioni vicino a 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin): (0.02 km) Iris Bar By Searcys (0.03 km) St Andrews Undershaft (0.05 km) Swingers - City (0.19 km) Jeff Wayne's The War of The Worlds: The Immersive Experience (0.21 km) Gangster Tours; Vedi tutte le attrazioni vicino a 30 St Mary Axe … 0207 071 5000. As for Agbar, it was a crime against Barcelone inserting this ***** to its skyline, only comparable to the Tour de Montparnasse in France. 20 June 2017 Booking now from only £18.70! A combination of materials (e.g. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. In total, there are about 5,500 panels that were mounted on the structure: all are flat (except those of the dome) and only those that are located in the external atria can be opened for ventilation. On the other hand, the variation of the diameter (it measures 49 meters in the base, 56.5 in the widest part, narrowing to 26.5 on the top floor), which is what gives the appearance, was the solution to the problem of the ground. The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level. 30 St Mary Axe è un edificio londinese che si trova nella City di Londra, è alto 180 metri (40 piani), ed è famoso per la sua particolare struttura, infatti è conosciuto come “The Gherkin” ossia il cetriolo. The building has roots in a radical, technical, architectural, social and spatial approach. The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization. High: 12 ºC (54ºF) Low: 10 ºC (50ºF) View the five day forecast 30 St. Mary Axe London. Review our. Quay Quarter Tower (QQT) will create a stunning new building on the Sydney skyline that sets new benchmarks in office tower design globally and creates... Gerran J. Lankhorst, Royal HaskoningDHV; Karel C. Terwel, IMd Raadgevende Ingenieurs; Janko Arts, Royal HaskoningDHV; Henk Jonkers, Delft University of Technology. 30 St Mary Axe (known previously as the Swiss Re Building), informally known as The Gherkin, is a commercial skyscraper in London's primary financial district, the City of London.It was completed in December 2003 and opened in April 2004. Autonoleggio Vedi autonoleggi a partire da 37 USD/giorno. 30 St. Mary Axe Management Office. Photos of 30 St Mary Axe and a great range hotels, hostels and bed and breakfasts near 30 St Mary Axe, London. Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. Designed by Norman Foster, the Gherkin has 41 floors and it is 180 meters tall. Here, the structure is composed of a central core surrounded by a grid of steel elements interconnected diagonally. If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 hours before your tour starts for a full refund. Il The Gherkin è sempre stato considerato a forma di Cetriolo con i suoi 180 metri di altezza e la sua insolita forma. Spiraling up from a tightly packed City of London square, the 30 St. Mary Axe office building in the City of London is 41 stories and 590 ft (180 m) high and was built by Norman Foster and Partners. Being the carrier grid, the core does not demand any type of diagonal reinforcement. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. required. - Event, 30 October 2017 0207 071 5000. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. And this, gives more flexibility to the Plants. Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators). London, Tallest Office Building in Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain. 30 St Mary Axe - "the Gherkin" Category: office Location: London, UK Built: 2001-2003 Opened: 2004 Architect: Norman Foster and Partners Height: 180m (591 ft) Floor Area: 47,950 m2 (516,100 sq ft) Awards: 2004 RIBA Stirling Prize Follow me: facebook Europe, Tallest in It is located at 30 St Mary Axe, London EC3A 8EP, United Kingdom, which now has become an important site after this building sprung up. Europe, Tallest Steel Building in In addition, these allow for an easier entry of light, with a consequent reduction in lighting costs. In the construction of the Swiss Re headquarters in London, 10,000 tons of steel have been used, of which 29% corresponds to the diagonal structural screed, 24% to central columns and 47% to beams. The Gherkin building is constructed from more than 35km (21 miles) of steel, weighing a … Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building. scritto da Redazione ; categoria Progetti; The Gherkin: Foster+Partners per il grattacielo al 30 St Mary Axe Londra . It took 24,000m2 of glass, 5,500 glass panels in the form of a diamond. The aerodynamic form of the building generates differential pressures with the wind that help the natural ventilation through the light wells, reducing the use of air conditioning, providing an economic environment and a sustainable and healthy indoor environment. We use cookies to deliver and understand how people use our online services and to tailor the advertising you see. London, © 2020 Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, Quay Quarter Tower: Humanizing the High-Rise, Life Cycle Analysis: Load-Bearing Structures Of High-Rise Buildings in Western Europe, New “Can of Ham” High-Rise Opens in Central London, We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. The Gherkin, 30 St. Mary Axe, London, EC3A 8BF Misrepresentation Act 1967 Whilst the statements contained in these particulars are given in good faith and as a general guide to the property they do not form any part of an offer or contract. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function. United Kingdom, Tallest in much more than an architecture competition for students. United Kingdom, Tallest Office Building in Here, the diagonally braced structure of the tower allows free space of columns and a fully glazed facade, which opens the building to light and views. Sito web. 30 St Mary Axe is covered in 24,000 sq m (2,200 sq ft) of glass, which equates to five football pitches. - Event, 17 August 2016 Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. The last floor is a bar that offers circular views of the entire city. See all 11 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin) tours on Tripadvisor The building was designed with “light wells” that allow to maximize the penetration of daylight and reduce the use of artificial light in the offices and their consequent energy requirements. 30 St Mary Axe, “The Gherkin” Design and construction The building was constructed by Skanska and completed in December 2003. Mixed-Structure 360 degrees. In the foundations, 750mm diameter beams were used that were embedded straight in the clay of London, in total 333 piles. | London. There are 18 pieces that make up each ring of the structure that, complete, has 19 overlapping rings. CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' Come arrivarci. A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. The primary occupant of the building is Swiss Re, a global reinsurance company, which had the building commissioned as the head office for its UK operation.… Il meglio nelle vicinanze. The luminosity is greater in the lower levels while, from the waist of the building as the plants are tuned, the effects of the solar reflection were minimized. We use cookies to deliver and understand how people use our online services and to tailor the advertising you see. We use cookies to deliver and understand how people use our online services and to tailor the advertising you see. 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin), Londra: 426 recensioni, articoli e 616 foto di 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin), n.187 su Tripadvisor tra 8'158 attrazioni a Londra. 30 St. Mary Axe, Londra EC3A 8EP Inghilterra. Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars. The first ecological skyscrapers in London, England, a rapidly recognizable addition to the city’s skyline, is located at 30 St Mary Axe. The supporting system of the tower is ensured by this steel external reinforcement, whose fundamental piece is formed by two powerful inverted V, which have the height of two levels. The first ecological skyscrapers in London, England, a rapidly recognizable addition to the city’s skyline, is located at 30 St Mary Axe. Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. United Kingdom, Tallest Steel Building in The pipes are used for cooling in the summer, extracting the hot air from the building, and for heating in the winter. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately. Norman Foster conceived the aerodynamic form as a possibility to allow the wind to flow around the building, its facades, instead of being diverted downwards, at ground level. This stunning location is the home of distinguished powerhouses, the Stock Exchange and the Bank of England. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel. A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Local name 30 St Mary Axe Location London, UK Also known as 'the Gherkin' or 'Cucumber Building', this commercial skyscraper is a famous example of modern architecture in London. 31 March 2010 30 St Mary Axe wins Best Built Project Five Years On at London Planning Awards; 17 April 2007 Roman girl's remains return to City of London resting place; 20 June 2006 30 St Mary Axe to appear on new 1st class stamp; 19 June 2006 30 St Mary Axe voted Best New Building in London; 03 April 2006 'Building the Gherkin' wins Prize at Montreal Festival of Films According to the author, this form “favors the flow of winds around the facades, decreasing the pressure on the structure and preventing them from being directed to the ground level, where they could affect pedestrians”. Aldgate 5 min. So, as most people, I´ll go for 30 Mary Axe. The external grid of the facade is formed by panels of triple thickness: double glass towards the outside and a laminated glass towards the interior, to optimize the entrance of light without removing views. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. The Gherkin Building is one of the popular Landmarks of London and is very well known and recognised among the elite and middle-class people from the city. Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development. The Swiss Re has 40 floors and is 180 meters high, which makes it the second tallest skyscraper in. The Swiss Re offers 76,400 square meters of office space. We recommend booking 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin) tours ahead of time to secure your spot. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure. For more information, details of the cookies we use and instructions on how to disable them, please see our Cookies policy. It is certain that the Swiss Tower does not go unnoticed and is clearly distinguished in the London landscape, especially from afar, but it is also true that while walking along St. Mary Axe, the presence of an “anomalous” building is not immediately perceived, thanks to its mass, it’s not overly imposing. It eventually opened on the 28th of April 2004. It’s the structure that differs from those of most tall buildings, which use the center for lateral stability. 30 St. Mary Axe Technical Tour Report 13 Jun 2013, London – Tour Report Since its completion in 2004, 30 St. Mary Axe has become a firm favorite, referred to by Londoners as “The Gherkin.” Incorporating multiple green features it set a new standard for high-rise design in… High: 10 ºC (50ºF) Low: 4 ºC (39ºF) View the five day forecast 30 St. Mary Axe London. Generated by a radial plan, its energy-conscious enclosure resolves walls and roof with a continuous triangular skin, allowing very spacious floor columns, lights and views. The systematic control of the internal microclimate and the energy saving solutions have led to a 50% reduction in energy consumption, and in any case, necessary for a building of this size. Conceptually the tower develops ideas explored in the Commerzbank and previously in the Climatroffice, a theoretical project with Buckminster Fuller that suggested a new relationship between nature and the workplace, the conscious resolution of the energy contained between its enclosing walls and the ceiling, all with a continuous triangulated skin. CTBUH initiatives, including our monthly newsletter. This work, say those who followed closely, was only possible thanks to the harmonious interaction between Foster and the Arup engineers. 30 St. Mary Axe Management Office. CTC - the UK's national cyclists' organisation London Cycle Network; London Cycling Campaign; Sustrans - National Cycling Organisation; TfL - Cycling in London 30 St Mary Axe Building Site and Materials Used. Instead, in 2000, consent was given for the realization of a new building. Today's Local Weather. 30 St. Mary Axe has more than 150,000 square feet of office and retail space. Standing 180m above the City of London, this iconic Foster + Partners-designed skyscraper was constructed to high sustainability standards, ground breaking for its time. 30 St Mary Axe, also known as the Gherkin, is one of London's most distinctive landmarks. Affettuosamente soprannominato "The Gherkin" per la sua forma insolita, il grattacielo abbagliante con la facciata in vetro a 30 St. Mary Axe è tra i monumenti più caratteristici di Londra, che incombe a 180 metri sul distretto finanziario della città di Londra. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. The requirements of these two approaches are, however, entirely different. 30 St Mary Axe. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. In 1992, an IRA bomb destroyed the building, it was thought that a restoration was possible, but later they realized that the old structure could not be recovered. Tallest in 35 km of steel, of 10 thousand tons of weight, were used to build the Swiss Re. Subscribe below to receive periodic updates from CTBUH on the latest Tall Building and Urban news and Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building. Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc. 30 St Mary Axe hay "The Gherkin" (Quả dưa chuột) là một tòa nhà chọc trời ở Luân Đôn, Anh.Tòa nhà do kiến trúc sư đoạt giải Pritzker người Anh là Norman Foster thiết kế chính và do công ty xây dựng Thụy Điển Skanska thi công từ năm 2001 đến năm 2004. This paper provides a comparison... 24 October 2019 This allows the office spaces to incorporate open floor plans. Join an exclusive business community that occupies 30 St Mary Axe, commonly known as The Gherkin, a world-renowned landmark that dominates the capital’s skyline. Steel Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists. There is now a vast expanding network of cycle routes across London. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings.". The building arises where the location of the Baltic Exchange was once at. The choice of structural system has a big influence on the environmental impact of structural materials in tall building design. Today's Local Weather. Most of the rooms have an exterior view: only 3% of the Swiss Re’s spaces are closed. On each floor, a series of interstices with 6 pipes acts as a natural ventilation system, functioning as a double glazing. If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 hours before your tour starts for a full refund. In the heart of the city, on the 30 St. Mary Axe, the Swiss Reinsurance Company’s headquarters is not only an unmistakable landmark in the London skyline, but also the first skyscraper in the British capital built with ecological criteria. It’s a laborious orchestration of light and controlled reflexes. Precast Concrete Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment). 24,000 square meters of glass were used for the exterior of the building, equivalent to five soccer fields. Light sensors and movements avoid the unnecessary use of artificial light or any energy associated with the refrigeration system. The variation of the diameter of the floors is significant, measuring 49 meters at the base, 56.5 in the widest part, narrowing to 26.5 on the top floor, which is what gives the appearance of “rocket” or “cucumber” as they baptized the Londoners. See all 12 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin) tours on Tripadvisor