Parallel to this, in the 1920s another style emerged, named "Stile Novecento", characterised by its links with ancient Roman architecture. Inginerie  • Although when the ring was completed most parts of the inhabited area lay inside it (one of the few exceptions was the former village of Ostia, which lies along the Tyrrhenian coast), in the meantime quarters have been built which extend up to 20 km (12 mi) beyond it. After the Gothic Wars, 535–552, the population may have dwindled temporarily to 30,000. Of the 1,300 or so commercial premises operating in the district 800 are Chinese-owned; around 300 are run by immigrants from other countries around the world; 200 are owned by Italians.[103]. Rome hosted a great number of neoclassical and rococo artists, such as Pannini and Bernardo Bellotto. [7] A avut inițial o capacitate de 60.000 de spectatori, după care a fost extins. Rome's international airport, Fiumicino, is the largest in Italy, and the city hosts the head offices of the vast majority of the major Italian companies, as well as the headquarters of three of the world's 100 largest companies: Enel, Eni, and Telecom Italia.[128]. Roma este un important centru turistic. Este capitala regiunii Lazio și a Provinciei Roma. The popes embellished the city with large basilicas, such as Santa Maria Maggiore (with the collaboration of the emperors). The seat of the comune is the Palazzo Senatorio on the Capitoline Hill, the historic seat of the city government. „Comuna” Romei, aflată în afara frontierelor municipale, dublează, practic, suprafața orașului propriu-zis. [74][75][76], The average relative humidity is 75%, varying from 72% in July to 77% in November. Rome is the national capital of Italy and is the seat of the Italian Government. Legi  • [14] Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is also the seat of several specialised agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). It will partly replace the existing Termini-Pantano rail line. There are two main talking statues: the Pasquino and the Marforio, yet there are four other noted ones: il Babuino, Madama Lucrezia, il Facchino and Abbot Luigi. [21] This aggregation was facilitated by the increase of agricultural productivity above the subsistence level, which also allowed the establishment of secondary and tertiary activities. Rome is in the Lazio region of central Italy on the Tiber (Italian: Tevere) river. Ancient Roman cuisine was highly influenced by Ancient Greek culture, and after, the empire's enormous expansion exposed Romans to many new, provincial culinary habits and cooking techniques. Many educated Romans also spoke Greek, and there was a large Greek, Syriac and Jewish population in parts of Rome from well before the Empire. The driving force behind this renewal was the monk Ildebrando da Soana, who once elected pope under the name of Gregory VII became involved into the Investiture Controversy against Emperor Henry IV. The so-called Edict of Milan of 313, actually a fragment of a letter from Licinius to the governors of the eastern provinces, granted freedom of worship to everyone, including Christians, and ordered the restoration of confiscated church properties upon petition to the newly created vicars of dioceses. Further, Rome hosted the 1991 EuroBasket and is home to the internationally recognised basketball team Virtus Roma. ), cel mai mare amfiteatru construit vreodată în Imperiul Roman. Cel mai important sit fascist din Roma este districtul Esposizione Universale Roma, construit în 1935. [39] The Antonine age is considered the apogee of the Empire, whose territory ranged from the Atlantic Ocean to the Euphrates and from Britain to Egypt. [53], After the Lombard invasion of Italy, the city remained nominally Byzantine, but in reality, the popes pursued a policy of equilibrium between the Byzantines, the Franks, and the Lombards. Rome's historic contribution to language in a worldwide sense is much more extensive, however. Two important complexes in the latter style are the Foro Mussolini, now Foro Italico, by Enrico Del Debbio, and the Città universitaria ("University city"), by Marcello Piacentini, also author of the controversial destruction of part of the Borgo rione to open Via della Conciliazione. On the date of the Italian Armistice 8 September 1943 the city was occupied by the Germans. [96] Between 3.2 and 4.2 million people live in the Rome metropolitan area.[97][98][99][100][101]. Cele mai impresionante capodopere ale arhitecturii renascentiste în Roma sunt Piazza del Campidoglio de Michelangelo, împreună cu Palazzo Senatorio, sediul guvernului local. In the coldest month, January, the average temperature is 12.6 °C (54.7 °F) during the day and 2.1 °C (35.8 °F) at night. Before the arrival of the Christians in Rome, the Religio Romana (literally, the "Roman Religion") was the major religion of the city in classical antiquity. The team now plays home games at the Stadio Olimpico because the Stadio Flaminio needs works of renovation in order to improve both its capacity and safety. În această perioadă, marile familii aristocratice ale Romei obișnuiau să construiască locuințe opulente precum Palazzo del Quirinale (acum sediul președintelui republicii), Palazzo Venezia, Palazzo Farnese, Palazzo Barberini, Palazzo Chigi (acum sediul primului ministru), Palazzo Spada, Palazzo della Cancelleria, și Villa Farnesina. [65] The interwar period saw a rapid growth in the city's population which surpassed one million inhabitants soon after 1930. [141], Rome is a major archaeological hub, and one of the world's main centres of archaeological research. [140], Rome today is one of the most important tourist destinations of the world, due to the incalculable immensity of its archaeological and artistic treasures, as well as for the charm of its unique traditions, the beauty of its panoramic views, and the majesty of its magnificent "villas" (parks). Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. Deși nu mai avea putere politică, precum a dovedit-o brutala prădare a Romei în 1527, orașul a înflorit ca centru cultural și artistic în timpul Renașterii și Barocului, sub patronajul curții papale. There is also a notable pine wood at Castelfusano, near Ostia. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded by many as the first ever Imperial City and metropolis. Roma este într-adevăr destinaţia ideală în orice anotimp: pentru romantici şi cei în căutare de istorie şi artă, pentru amatorii de decoruri citadine spectaculoase sau, pur şi simplu, pentru cei ce doresc să se bucure de o porţie generoasă de paste.Nu este doar o poveste că toate drumurile duc la Roma. Papal States 754–1870 RM-597138 - C.C.I.A.A. Italian troops were able to capture Rome entering the city through a breach near Porta Pia. [157] In parallel, Roman Jews – present in the city since the 1st century BC – developed their own cuisine, the cucina giudaico-romanesca. The city also played host to the Eurovision Song Contest in 1991 and the MTV Europe Music Awards in 2004. Rome also had a 2003 GDP per capita of €29,153 (US$37,412), which was second in Italy, (after Milan), and is more than 134.1% of the EU average GDP per capita. As the capital of Italy, Rome hosts all the principal institutions of the nation, including the Presidency of the Republic, the government (and its single Ministeri), the Parliament, the main judicial Courts, and the diplomatic representatives of all the countries for the states of Italy and Vatican City. [11] In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Renaissance,[12] and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism. Risultati Lazio Roma Eccellenza - Girone A. Tutte le informazioni sul campionato di Eccellenza - Girone A Lazio Roma (Risultati). Since 1972, the city has been divided into administrative areas, called municipi (sing. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. [18], However, it is a possibility that the name Romulus was actually derived from Rome itself. Strabo also writes that Lucius Coelius Antipater believed that Rome was founded by Greeks. The city has been a major human settlement for almost three millennia. Populația orașului a scăzut la un număr de doar 20.000 de oameni în timpul Evului Mediu Timpuriu, reducând orașul cândva înfloritor la grupuri de clădiri locuite, dispersate de-a lungul unor arii extinse de ruine și vegetație. Roma, Caput mundi („Capitala lumii”), la Città Eterna („Orașul etern”), Limen Apostolorum („Pragul apostolilor”), la città dei sette colli („Orașul celor șapte coline”) sau, pur și simplu, l'Urbe („Orașul”),[3] este profund modernă și cosmopolită. The altitude of the central part of Rome ranges from 13 metres (43 ft) above sea level (at the base of the Pantheon) to 139 metres (456 ft) above sea level (the peak of Monte Mario). The bus network has in excess of 350 bus lines and over eight thousand bus stops, whereas the more-limited tram system has 39 km (24 mi) of track and 192 stops. The Fascist regime that ruled in Italy between 1922 and 1943 had its showcase in Rome. [72] The Comune of Rome covers an overall area of about 1,285 square kilometres (496 sq mi), including many green areas. More than 3,000 productions have been made on its lot, from recent features like The Passion of the Christ, Gangs of New York, HBO's Rome, The Life Aquatic and Dino De Laurentiis' Decameron, to such cinema classics as Ben-Hur, Cleopatra, and the films of Federico Fellini. St. Peter's Square is reached through the Via della Conciliazione, which runs from the Tiber to St. Peter's. December, January and February are the coldest months, with a daily mean temperature of approximately 8 °C (46 °F). The Romanesco spoken during the Middle Ages was more like a southern Italian dialect, very close to the Neapolitan language in Campania. Numerous international companies and agencies headquarters, government ministries, conference centres, sports venues, and museums are located in Rome's principal business districts: the Esposizione Universale Roma (EUR); the Torrino (further south from the EUR); the Magliana; the Parco de' Medici-Laurentina and the so-called Tiburtina-valley along the ancient Via Tiburtina. Cycling was popular in the post-World War II period, although its popularity has faded. There was the so-called Gallic Empire from 260 to 274 and the revolts of Zenobia and her father from the mid-260s which sought to fend off Persian incursions. Societa' Cooperativa, Via dei Quinzi, 37, Imprese edili Roma Info e Contatti: Numero Telefono, Indirizzo e Mappa. In the 12th century, this administration, like other European cities, evolved into the commune, a new form of social organisation controlled by the new wealthy classes. ", "Old Age in Ancient Rome – History Today", "Approximación a la Iconografía de Roma Aeterna", "Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura", "Rome chosen as seat of Euro-Med Assembly secretariat – Italy", "More Clues in the Legend (or Is It Fact?) [19] As early as the 4th century, there have been alternative theories proposed on the origin of the name Roma. The city became a major pilgrimage site during the Middle Ages. In a vain attempt to control inflation, he imposed price controls which did not last. [52] It is generally thought the population of the city until 300 AD was 1 million (estimates range from 2 million to 750,000) declining to 750–800,000 in 400 AD, 450–500,000 in 450 AD and down to 80–100,000 in 500 AD (though it may have been twice this). In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic. Rome became able to compete with other major European cities of the time in terms of wealth, grandeur, the arts, learning and architecture. Moreover, also modern English, because of the Norman Conquest, borrowed a large percentage of its vocabulary from the Latin language. În luna august, temperatura din miezul zilei deseori depășește 32 °C; în mod tradițional, multe afaceri se închideau în luna august și romanii obișnuiau să plece atunci spre stațiunile de vacanță, dar această tendință începe să dispară și orașul începe să devină complet funcțional de-a lungul întregii veri, datorită turismului în creștere și schimbării mentalității de lucru a populației sale. Rome is also the location of two American Universities; The American University of Rome[135] and John Cabot University as well as St. John's University branch campus, John Felice Rome Center, a campus of Loyola University Chicago and Temple University Rome, a campus of Temple University. vers. Minors (children ages 18 and younger) totalled 17.00% of the population compared to pensioners who number 20.76%. Roma este situată în partea central-vestică a Peninsulei Italice, pe cursul inferior al fluviului Tibru. [61] Forced to flee, Cola returned as part of the entourage of Cardinal Albornoz, who was charged with restoring the Church's power in Italy. The local administration in Rome is commonly referred to as "Campidoglio", the Italian name of the hill. [57] In that period the pope died, and the cardinals, summoned in Viterbo, could not agree on his successor. The city also hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean[15] (UfM) as well as the headquarters of many international business companies such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p.A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL. Its average annual temperature is above 21 °C (70 °F) during the day and 9 °C (48 °F) at night. Originally they were carved through tuff, a soft volcanic rock, outside the boundaries of the city, because Roman law forbade burial places within city limits. [56], During this period, the city was autonomously ruled by a senatore or patrizio. Since the end of the Roman Republic, Rome is also the centre of an important Jewish community,[110] which was once based in Trastevere, and later in the Roman Ghetto. Arnold HM Jones The Decline of the Ancient World, Lonmans, Green and Co. Ltd, London 1966, Richard Krautheimer, Rome, Profile of a City, 312-1308, 2000 p. 65, Bernard Lancon, Rome in Late Antiquity, 2001 p. 14. Centrul Romei este înconjurat de niște spații verzi mari și vechi ville romane opulente, care sunt rămășițele villelor care înconjurau orașul papal. Areas, where these restrictions apply, are known as Limited Traffic Zones (Zona a Traffico Limitato (ZTL) in Italian). [57] However, his hopes were crushed by the French king Philip the Fair, who took him prisoner and killed him in Anagni. Înconjurând centrul, sunt 35 quartieri urbani (sectoare urbane), și în limitele orașului se află șase mari suburbi. Rome became one of Europe's major centres of Renaissance artwork, second only to Florence, and able to compare to other major cities and cultural centres, such as Paris and Venice. The territory includes Saint Peter's Square, separated from the territory of Italy only by a white line along with the limit of the square, where it borders Piazza Pio XII. There are wholesale clothes shops. Some regions – Britain, Spain, and North Africa – were hardly affected. After the fall of Napoleon, the Papal States were reconstituted by a decision of the Congress of Vienna of 1814. ... Roma Nord - Trionfale, Monte Mario. Roma a crescut spectaculos după război, fiind una dintre locomotivele „miracolului economic italian” din timpul reconstrucției și modernizării postbelice. Contemporary Romanesco is mainly represented by popular actors and actresses, such as Alberto Sordi, Aldo Fabrizi, Anna Magnani. Despite some interruptions (such as the Avignon papacy), Rome has for centuries been the home of the Roman Catholic Church and the Bishop of Rome, otherwise known as the Pope. The city's urban area is cut in two by its ring-road, the Grande Raccordo Anulare ("GRA"), finished in 1962, which circles the city centre at a distance of about 10 km (6 mi). The municipi were originally 20, then 19,[68] and in 2013, their number was reduced to 15.[69]. ROMA is the leading brand for sun screening systems with the highest requirements in terms of functionality, aesthetics and durability. [61] The return of the pope to Rome in that year unleashed the Western Schism (1377–1418), and for the next forty years, the city was affected by the divisions which rocked the Church. The population of the city had fallen from 800,000 to 450–500,000 by the time the city was sacked in 455 by Genseric, king of the Vandals. This brought to Rome a century of internal peace, which marked the beginning of the Renaissance. [32] His assassination led to a second Triumvirate among Octavian (Caesar's grandnephew and heir), Mark Antony and Lepidus, and to another civil war between Octavian and Antony. Cea mai mare provocare pe care trebuie sa o depasesti atunci cand vizitezi Roma este sa te decizi ce sa nu vizitezi. The old St. Peter's Basilica built by Emperor Constantine the Great[62] (which by then was in a dilapidated state) was demolished and a new one begun. The A and B lines intersect at Roma Termini station. Later, after St Peter and St Paul were martyred in the city, and the first Christians began to arrive, Rome became Christian, and the Old St. Peter's Basilica was constructed in 313 AD. | B1.ro Știm că timpul tău e prețios, așa că nu te vom deranja cu știri care nu sunt știri. Questo sito o gli strumenti terzi da questo utilizzati si avvalgono di cookie necessari al funzionamento ed utili alle finalità illustrate nella cookie policy. Its first university, La Sapienza (founded in 1303), is one of the largest in the world, with more than 140,000 students attending; in 2005 it ranked as Europe's 33rd best university[131] and in 2013 the Sapienza University of Rome ranked as the 62nd in the world and the top in Italy in its World University Rankings. [132] and has been ranked among Europe's 50 and the world's 150 best colleges. Public parks and nature reserves cover a large area in Rome, and the city has one of the largest areas of green space among European capitals. This grand approach was designed by architects Piacentini and Spaccarelli, on the instructions of Benito Mussolini and in accordance with the church, after the conclusion of the Lateran Treaty. It surpassed 300,000 in 150 BC. French troops were stationed in the region under Papal control. A devenit un oraș la modă în anii 1950 și începutul anilor 1960, anii la dolce vita („viața cea dulce”), și o tendință de creștere a populației a continuat până la mijlocul anilor 1980, când orașul avea peste 2.800.000 de locuitori. Rome is a city famous for its numerous fountains, built-in all different styles, from Classical and Medieval, to Baroque and Neoclassical. [63] During the Age of Enlightenment, new ideas reached the Eternal City, where the papacy supported archaeological studies and improved the people's welfare. These problems are not helped by the limited size of Rome's metro system when compared to other cities of similar size. Lista celor mai importante muzee și galerii din Roma include : Muzeul Național din Roma, Muzeul Civilizației Romane, Muzeul Național Etrusc Villa Giulia, Muzeele Capitoline, Galeria Borghese, Muzeul Castelului Sant'Angelo, și Galeria Națională de Artă Modernă. Originally capable of seating 60,000 spectators, it was used for gladiatorial combat. Rome was also the base of several mystery cults, such as Mithraism. There lies also the major synagogue in Rome, the Tempio Maggiore. Instability caused economic deterioration, and there was a rapid rise in inflation as the government debased the currency in order to meet expenses. Spațiul liber din fața bazilicii a fost reconceput de Gian Lorenzo Bernini, din 1656 până în 1667, sub direcția Papei Alexandru al VII-lea, ca o curte adecvată necesităților, gândită astfel încât un număr cât mai mare de oameni „să-l poată vedea pe Papă dându-și binecuvântarea, fie din mijlocul fațadei bisericii, fie dintr-o fereastră a Palatului Vatican” (Norwich 1975 p 175). Supplies of grain remained steady until the seizure of the remaining provinces of North Africa in 439 by the Vandals, and may have continued to some degree afterwards for a while. In 1849, a second Roman Republic was proclaimed during a year of revolutions in 1848. [38] This time was also characterised by the spread of the Christian religion, preached by Jesus Christ in Judea in the first half of the first century (under Tiberius) and popularised by his apostles through the empire and beyond. Formate  • • He or Constantine regionalised the administration of the empire which fundamentally changed the way it was governed by creating regional dioceses (the consensus seems to have shifted from 297 to 313/14 as the date of creation due to the argument of Constantin Zuckerman in 2002 "Sur la liste de Verone et la province de grande armenie, Melanges Gilber Dagron). Rome was a major world centre of the Renaissance, second only to Florence, and was profoundly affected by the movement. [57], In this period, the papacy played a role of secular importance in Western Europe, often acting as arbitrators between Christian monarchs and exercising additional political powers. Demografie  • Per riflettere, emozionarsi, divertirsi. There were setbacks in the attempts to assert the Church's power, a notable example being in 1773 when Pope Clement XIV was forced by secular powers to have the Jesuit order suppressed.[61]. The continuous warfare led to the establishment of a professional army, which turned out to be more loyal to its generals than to the republic. [113] The Romanesque style in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries was also widely used in Roman architecture, and later the city became one of the main centres of Renaissance, Baroque and neoclassical architecture.[113]. [33] During the reign of Nero, two thirds of the city was ruined after the Great Fire of Rome, and the persecution of Christians commenced. 2010 saw the opening of Rome's newest arts foundation, a contemporary art and architecture gallery designed by acclaimed Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid. Comerț  • [61] During this period Rome was neglected, until a plebeian man, Cola di Rienzo, came to power. The territory of Vatican City is part of the Mons Vaticanus (Vatican Hill), and of the adjacent former Vatican Fields, where St. Peter's Basilica, the Apostolic Palace, the Sistine Chapel, and museums were built, along with various other buildings. - 27 î.Hr., guvernată de Senat), și, în final, a Imperiului Roman (din 27 î.Hr., condus de un împărat); aceste succese au depins de cuceririle militare, de dominația economică, precum și de asimilarea selectivă a civilizațiilor învecinate, în mod notabil, etruscii și vechii greci. [54] On Christmas night of 800, Charlemagne was crowned in Rome as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Leo III: on that occasion, the city hosted for the first time the two powers whose struggle for control was to be a constant of the Middle Ages. The republic included the city itself and the immediate surroundings. In the nearby area of Trastevere, the Orto Botanico (Botanical Garden) is a cool and shady green space. Diocletian ruled the eastern half, residing in Nicomedia. A commercial district, Esquilino contains restaurants featuring many kinds of international cuisine. Conform legendei, galii s-au oferit să returneze Roma populației sale în schimbul a cinci sute de kilograme de aur, dar romanii au refuzat, preferând să-și recapete orașul luptând mai degrabă decât să recunoască o înfrângere. He did away with democracy by 1926, eventually declaring a new Italian Empire and allying Italy with Nazi Germany in 1938. This custom, mandatory for each pilgrim in the Middle Ages, was codified in the 16th century by Saint Philip Neri. The Germanic tribes along the Rhine and north of the Balkans made serious, uncoordinated incursions from the 250s-280s that were more like giant raiding parties rather than attempts to settle. During the 1860s, the last vestiges of the Papal States were under French protection thanks to the foreign policy of Napoleon III. Rome reached the highest point of splendour under Pope Julius II (1503–1513) and his successors Leo X and Clement VII, both members of the Medici family. [citation needed]. [148] In the late 18th century and early 19th century, the city was one of the centres of the Grand Tour,[149] when wealthy, young English and other European aristocrats visited the city to learn about ancient Roman culture, art, philosophy, and architecture. [158], Rome hosts the Cinecittà Studios,[159] the largest film and television production facility in continental Europe and the centre of the Italian cinema, where many of today's biggest box office hits are filmed. Roma yra Italijos sostinė, o joje yra įsikūrusios visos pagrindinės politinės šalies institucijos – Vyriausybė, Prezidentūra, Ministerijos, Italijos konstitucinis teismas.. Nuo 2013 m. Roma yra dalinama į 13 rajonų. The old Roman hippodrome (Circus Maximus) is another large green space: it has few trees but is overlooked by the Palatine and the Rose Garden ('roseto comunale'). Milioane de turiști vizitează Roma anual, ea fiind unul dintre cele mai vizitate orașe din lume. Overlooking Piazza del Popolo and the Spanish Steps are the gardens of Pincio and Villa Medici. Rome has been a major Christian pilgrimage site since the Middle Ages. Twinning Cities: International Relations. This has been used to suggest a population of just under 500,000. One of the best-known symbols of Roman neoclassicism is the Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II or "Altar of the Fatherland", where the Grave of the Unknown Soldier, who represents the 650,000 Italian soldiers who died in World War I, is located. Halep joacă în sferturi la Roma 18 septembrie 2020 (R.C.) The main activities during his government were: the "isolation" of the Capitoline Hill; Via dei Monti, later renamed Via del'Impero, and finally Via dei Fori Imperiali; Via del Mare, later renamed Via del Teatro di Marcello; the "isolation" of the Mausoleum of Augustus, with the erection of Piazza Augusto Imperatore; and Via della Conciliazione. He was the last emperor of a unified empire: after his death in 395, his sons, Arcadius and Honorius divided the empire into a western and an eastern part. The existence of regional fiscal units from 286 served as the model for this unprecedented innovation. He funded the building of several churches and allowed clergy to act as arbitrators in civil suits (a measure that did not outlast him but which was restored in part much later). [49] Grain distribution to 80,000 ticket holders at the same time suggests 400,000 (Augustus set the number at 200,000 or one-fifth of the population). Rome is at the centre of the radial network of roads that roughly follow the lines of the ancient Roman roads which began at the Capitoline Hill and connected Rome with its empire. The other surviving – albeit modified – ancient Roman bridges crossing the Tiber are Ponte Cestio, Ponte Sant'Angelo and Ponte Milvio. [42] The quarter was restored in the 1950s when the Roman authorities found that they already had the seed of an off-centre business district of the type that other capitals were still planning (London Docklands and La Défense in Paris). [17] They decided to build a city, but after an argument, Romulus killed his brother and the city took his name. ), trasează un cerc uriaș în jurul capitalei, la aproximativ 10 km de centrul orașului; spre deosebire de majoritatea autostrăzilor italiene, pe G.R.A. Roma (RM) 16 ott alle 13:29. La o distanță de 33 de km de Roma, la Fiumicino, se află Aeroportul Internațional Leonardo da Vinci (IATA: FCO). These were almost 19 kilometres (12 mi) long, and were still the walls the troops of the Kingdom of Italy had to breach to enter the city in 1870. Caput Mundi (Latin)The Capital of the world, Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma [ˈroːma] (listen)) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale), as well as the capital of the Lazio region. Ostrogothic Kingdom 493–553 In mid-2010, there were 2,754,440 residents in the city proper, while some 4.2 million people lived in the greater Rome area (which can be approximately identified with its administrative metropolitan city, with a population density of about 800 inhabitants/km2 stretching over more than 5,000 km2 (1,900 sq mi)). [13] Its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Frontin, Les Aqueducs de la ville de Rome, translation and commentary by Pierre Grimal, Société d'édition Les Belles Lettres, Paris, 1944. [79][80] When the Republic was founded in 509 BC the census recorded a population of 130,000. In the five years between 2002 and 2007, the population of Rome grew by 6.54%, while Italy as a whole grew by 3.56%. The city is the place where the Statute of the International Criminal Court and the European Convention on Human Rights were formulated. A 3-line metro system called the Metropolitana operates in Rome. Upon abdication in 305, the Caesars succeeded and they, in turn, appointed two colleagues for themselves. Temperatures during these months generally vary between 10 and 15 °C (50 and 59 °F) during the day and between 3 and 5 °C (37 and 41 °F) at night, with colder or warmer spells occurring frequently. Though most famous for Christian burials, they include pagan and Jewish burials, either in separate catacombs or mixed together.